What to Do with Your Brand New Drone: Guide with Everything You Need to Know

If after wake up this morning the first thing that you have done has been to leave outdoors surely is because among the gifts he had a drone. You have done well, but after the excitement, make sure you know what you are facing.

If you’re new to the scene of the flight of drones likely have many some questions about how to fly a drone, where you can do it, How to improve your technique or what possibilities gives you your new gift, as well as maintenance issues or where to find spare parts. We the complete guide to start the drones.

Where I can fly my new drone

Being relatively new equipment on the market, the drones, or unmanned aircraft only available in Spain a national regulation specifies where its use will be professional and commercial. If we assume that your new drone, more or less complete, use it exclusively for your entertainment, we would be actually talking about a recreational purpose that for now only available from a series of recommendations but also of general legislation that we must meet if we do not want to face sanctions or fines by authorities.

With the current legislation the use of drones in a recreational way must comply with legislation and follow recommendations of the EFSA

For the State of Aviation Safety Agency (AESA), organism that depends on the Ministry of public works, the drones (even when we use them recreationally) are legally aircraft and for your particular case indicate a series of recommendations to continue to avoid sanctions but also to fly the drone safely and without risk of accidents.

The main considerations that we must follow when it comes to fly a drone are:

  • You always have it in sight and not exceed the 120 meters of height during the flight even though our model allows a higher flight.
  • Do not fly the drone when the weather conditions they are unfavourable, as for example with wind that makes it difficult to use safely.
  • Prohibited flying in areas close to airports or places that have reserved airspace.
  • For the flight you must use appropriate areas, preferably those reserved for tests of model airplanes. It is very convenient to find out about local or regional regulations concerning or much better, contact a club near model airplanes that will have all the information for a safe flight.
  • You can not fly the drone over crowds of people, including parks, beaches and other outdoor sites. Never should there be a risk for people. And must be taken into account that the damages caused by the drone are direct responsibility of who handles it, so if you are going to perform flights frequently it is advisable to have a civil liability insurance.

If our drone camera able to take photos or record video, there is more legislation to comply. If I want to make use of the capacity of our drone to register images, you have to respect the data protection law Since it is likely that during our flight with a drone with camera is going to perform an identified or identifiable natural person image acquisition.

If there are such third parties involved directly or indirectly have an obligation to inform them (indoors can do so directly or through posters) as well as to the data protection agency.

Preparations before flying a drone

Once you already have clear what must meet security and legislation in order to start to fly your new and undamaged drone, is time of turn it on and start flying it. Although your expertise and the technology associated with your particular model will mark the agile and durable for your first flights, there are a number of tips, recommendations and tricks that you can begin to put into practice just take out the drone of the box.

It may seem truism but should you contain the emotion of the moment and you stand a while before flying your drone for read the manual of the device. Maybe not everything, but if the pages that speaks its possibilities, options, modes, but especially of physical buttons and controls on the remote control. I assure you that you will not want to play the trial and error with the options and possibilities for your drone in mid-flight.

Most immediately before flying your drone is that you learn and have clear what it is and makes each item in the control. Control may appear in the command of your console, your remote control car of children or be a touchscreen… But may not have nothing to do. On some models of can configure these controls or contain some specific don’t you’ve ever seen. Learn them.

Before each flight it is necessary that we check that each element of the drone, especially the battery and propellers, is in perfect condition and they work as expected

Once you have a full understanding of the drone and its control options, there is that check that all items are in perfect condition. This step there is to give only the first time you fly a drone but before each flight. Shock, intensive or that there are parts that you can exchange require some routine checks.

The main ones have to do with that there are no loose items, not missing screws or latches, protections (if you decide to put them) are secure and do not interfere in the movement of the propellers, and that they rotate in the direction that should be. Made this check we can turn on the drone and confirm that all engines are in perfect condition without lifting the flight still.

If it were not so, we will proceed to change it before you fly it. In fact, if we see that there is no nothing it is likely that it is precisely by a broken engine or to point to it, and the control system does not leave to start flying.

If your drone is handled with a smartphone, it is likely to include some type of initial calibration. Routine calibration of your drone flight at the start of the flight is also suitable and it will help that the flight is more faithful to what you are looking for.

Typically, the applications associated with the drones go indicating that you step by step what to do before the flight. Not hobbies this aid which manufacturer puts at your disposal.

Finally you must remember you of batteries. Given that fly a drone will not be something you do regularly and which you load times tend to be large, more than once, you may find yourself with you want to a flight, but the batteries are flat. A routine that you can incorporate after each flight is, in addition to cleaning the drone, put to charge the batteries before storing your computer again.

In any case, before going on a flight session make sure that both each element of the drone that use a battery of the remote control are correctly installed, at full capacity and without visible damage. You should pay special attention to the external batteries, which you can exchange your own or if you have included any more capacity on your own. You can do it but you must make sure that they are not swollen or have openings that may cause a fire or damage during the flight.

How to fly a drone for the first time

Once you have the drone ready, if it is your first flight, You’ll need a kind of baptism of flight that should be as safe as possible for your drone, for you and anyone who can be close if we so decided it. The time required to get the checks, call learning curve, varies according to the size of the drone, sensors and also our skill.

If your first flight will be outdoors it is advisable to make it in a wide area, unobstructed ashore or on the heights, and with no one close. It is also better if you choose a day with good visibility, and above all, no wind. There are drones that can be handled easily with wind but it is not recommended to start.

The first flight with your new drone should try to do it alone and in a safe area, either indoors or outdoors

If instead your drone’s flight indoors (usually the smaller in size), do not be tempted to make a flight acrobatic and fast for any room of the House because it is likely that end in crash. Free of obstacles, wide use a stay and where there is either no one. A garage would be ideal, but if you don’t, choose salon if the wider your home stay.

The first steps with a drone should be for We get used to the controls and calibration, as well as knowing the sensitivity of the same. The beginning of all flight is to make the drone DT, either manually or by means of some specific function. This puts the drone high enough on the meter in height. If we stopped at least height we would suffer the call effect flooring and would become unstable, so it is important to always start from one sufficient distance flight.

Before accelerating the drone to raise it It should be separate from a safe distance to avoid that if you have not calibrated controls or a mistake of control, we have a mishap. It is also important that we have a direct view of the drone.

If your drone has no automatic take-off, be sure to do it manually which height is sufficient to prevent the ground effect or will become unstable

Already at a safe height We will be testing different controls one by one. We climb and descent by controlling the height, and it will be time to locate the front of the drone (typically containing any indication or light). Once properly oriented with respect to the drone, we can already start lateral maneuvers (slide)-advances or setbacks (nod)… At this stage it is important see if it is necessary to calibrate the controls and our control allows it. If so we should adjust levers called TRIM to compensate movements not that do not correspond faithfully with which they are doing on the remote control.

Once we have the calibration control and we have internalized the controls, we can combine some simple movement and get down to work with the landing phase. Very careful at the beginning because a hard landing can be finished with our brand new drone.

The first few times we Hurston must go down height gradually, even below the metro that we have indicated as of safety to prevent the ground effect. When there are a few centimetres, the first few times is recommended reduce the speed of the propellers slowly at this point to bring down to lead of the drone on the ground. If we try to land it “by hand” without the necessary fluency could cause part of the drone will touch land before another and could provoke an accident. No hurry. When we have already caught more easily we can find a landing controlled until the end.

If it is supported by your drone, also try to start some flights with the call assisted mode. It is a good way to do with the controls in a controlled way.

After a few test flights, we’re ready to go a little further with our drone flight. But before try you you may want to check what is your drone in stand-alone mode capable. If the model you have purchased includes GPS and such functionality, it is interesting that some basic output you programs to encourage you.

Fly a drone: tips, tricks and recommendations

If some have already made another flight of initiation, you’ve calibrated and known in detail the remote controls and you again have charged batteries, already we can attempt to make some more level and with complex tours flight.

Something that you should keep in mind is that You can not perform complex movements from one day to another. Flight height should gradually increase the difficulty of movements gradually and also.

To start it is advisable that you make flights using only two controls (speed / fast forward or speed up / slide) and follow them with a simple schema or pattern. When you feel safe and comfortable you can start to test with three controls and perform stunts, twists and circular flights gradually increasing the height of the same.

The first flights with two controls only and then three, gradually increasing the height of all them is a good way to go catching ease with your new drone

In these first flights more complex and long as already have control of the situation, as You can find it help use your drone FPV If you have it. Whether it of own command onscreen or on a smartphone, put ourselves in the place of the drone with camera will help us assimilate movements we do with physical checks or by resorting to the smartphones If sensors.

Once we will ease with the drone flight taking can fall into the temptation of making a descent to land at the same rate that have raised it from the soil. It is an error that you should avoid to avoid an almost certain uncontrolled fall. Stay calm and secure in your routine that descents must be done at less speed than the rise.

With respect to the height of flight, very attentive to the figure which gives the manufacturer and do not reach never overcome it. It is common even keep as the maximum limit a few metres below as meteorological conditions and different aspects can affect that reach. You not obsessions with this issue because if you apply common sense you will understand that it costs you to see well to the drone likely wherever you go out of range area. Remember the case of many cheap drones, out the drone of the scope they will stop working and will fall sharply and without control.

For more range sure to be very skillful piloting because how much taller more difficult to control because of the distance and the winds stronger. In such cases, if we lose communication than usual is that the drone is static waiting to retrieve it or determine that it must be an emergency landing.

Knowing the maximum range, the place where we are going to want to land it or emergency systems in case of losing control or communication is key for a safe flight with the drone

In such cases of flights at high altitudes or in complex sites where we can not move forward at the pace of the drone don’t side options that oblige the drone to return to the place of departure (thanks to GPS) or a controlled and automatic landing whereas having secured test and get to know.

You use the GPS or not to schedule automatic flights, it is recommended that before starting the flight already have clear what you want to do, how, and especially, where have planned to land the drone so that is a safe, comprehensive site and no one that can be damaged for close.

Another important piece of advice when we are flying a drone is that, if we can not avoid it, and we see that our drone will drop or worse, crashing into a tree, for example, We will avoid greater evils if we withdraw the acceleration and make that the propellers stop working. If they continue turning when it hits it is likely exterior damages affecting most key elements of the drone.

Something that you should never forget about a drone is the maximum flight time. The average in affordable drones is 5-8 minutes, but it is already possible to buy models of less than 1,000 euros with more than 15 minutes of autonomy. This should keep it in mind to not rush too flights and some element is left without autonomy.

You can use spare batteries to improve the autonomy of your drone but very careful because you can end up fatiguing some elements such as the engines that are not ready for much longer flight followed than the ‘official’

It is usual that you receive a notice of batteries in the smartphone low or that the own drone, to detect the low charge, return safely to the starting point or stops in a controlled way.

A good idea to improve those 5-8 minutes of autonomy is to have spare batteries. They are affordable and usually easy to remove and put one and one in the majority of commercial drones you can even use some support more capacity from to the officers. In this aspect there is to be very careful because in drones cheaper if we chained several flights with spare batteries Some components may end up failing stress because of a superior was intended use. It is the case of engines.

Maintenance and repair of the drone

The task with a drone does not end when the battery runs out or we have decided to stop flying it. If we want to prolong its useful life should be to make maintenance and cleaning thorough and regular way. It depends on each drone’s manufacturer, but there are some tips and tricks that you can use.

Cleanliness is essential and inevitable after a flight in some situations such as when flying in dusty terrain or places such as beaches. In these cases we can use to compressed air cleaners, they cost no more than about 10 euros, and that will leave us non-dusty areas of difficult access to other elements of cleaning. Also we can spray some oil that also protect against corrosion at engines.

Where necessary and only for certain models and with a level of high mechanical knowledge, we can perform one more thoroughly for every engine cleaning.

In addition to the compressed air, to plastic parts we can use different cleaning products to remove dirt as with any product of this material. And let us not forget to carry out time cleaning and maintenance more thoroughly, for example of the engines, although it already requires a certain expertise and knowledge of mechanics.

In addition to cleaning, something that you will have to perform frequently with your drone especially when you are starting to try it is replace or repair damaged or broken parts. A simple helix with any damage can ruin a flight with ease.

The main parts of a drone that will require action on your part are the propellers, protections or even motors. They are not complicated replace or check for yourself and in fact are quite affordable and readily available if our model is well known. An example that will sound to many: SyMa X5C, one of the best-known affordable drones, and for that is very simple to buy almost any spare, either propellers, motherboard, motors, camera or housing.

In this type of drones a set of four helices around 5 euros and the engines do not cost more than 10. Mainly from the first thing should be to let us always with us some spare parts to not ruin a way out to the field to fly by a little incident with those parts of the drone.

In different online stores or model there is no problem to buy parts of models known as the CX-20, JJRC models, the Hubsan… even if you feel there are accessories to add interesting functionality to some drones. If it’s well-known as Parrot brands, there are even compatible tool kits.

All told, only you have put hands to work and start to enjoy with your new drone. And if he has bitten you curiosity, here are some guidelines to get you started:

  • Buy a drone: tips and legislation to start
  • Eleven drones to get started for less than 150 euros
  • Seven more complete drones to take seriously your new hobby

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