Capital city Trenton
Population 9.032.872 (2017)
Surface 22.608 km²
Governor Phil Murphy (D)
Member of the US since 1787

New Jersey is one of the fifty states of the United States. The state is located in the northeast of the country. New Jersey’s abbreviation is NJ and its nickname is “The Garden State,” meaning “the Garden State.” New Jersey is home to some 9.2 million people, making New Jersey one of the most populous states. New Jersey is the smallest state in the United States after Delaware and Rhode Island. This makes the state the most densely populated in the entire country. New Jersey borders the states of New York, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. The state is also located on the Atlantic Ocean. The capital of New Jersey is Trenton. Many towns and cities in New Jersey have become attached to the nearby cities of New York City and Philadelphia. Because of this, the state is very dependent on these two cities. New Jersey was originally a colony of the Netherlands and Sweden. Later on behalf of the English into the colony. After the American Revolutionary War, New Jersey was one of the thirteen original states. It was the third state to sign the constitution. Because New Jersey is so close to New York City and Philadelphia, there was a lot of industry located in the state. Today this is still the case, but also a lot of people work in trade and product research. Many state residents live in New Jersey but work in New York or Pennsylvania. In addition, the University of Princeton, New Jersey based. New Jersey is a so-called “blue state,” meaning it almost always votes for the Democratic Party.

Geography

Landscape

The Pine Barrens

Often the state of New Jersey is divided into three regions; namely North Jersey, Central Jersey and South Jersey. However, some residents of the state say that there are only two, namely north and south. It depends on how the state is divided per inhabitant. In the northeast, the state is very densely populated. This area of ​​the state is close to New York City, where many residents work. They travel daily between their work in New York and their home in New Jersey. The northwest of the state, on the other hand, is very rural. Here you will find many forests and hills. The New Jersey area is to the east. Also known as the Jersey Shore, this area is popular with tourists. Here you will find many boulevards and a lot of people live here. To the southwest is the Delaware Valley, through which the river of the same name flows. A lot of people also live here, as the city of Philadelphia is close by. Although Philadelphia is located in the state of Pennsylvania, many people live in New Jersey and work in Philadelphia. The south of the state is also known as the Pine Barrens. This region is also a lot more rural. Few people live there and there are many forests. The Delaware Bay separates New Jersey from the state of Delaware to the south. The southernmost tip of New Jersey is Cape May.

Largest Cities in New Jersey

Number City Residents County
1. Newark 311.549 Essex County
2. Jersey City 292.449 Hudson County
3. Paterson 159.732 Passaic County
4. Elizabeth 137.298 Union County
5. Lakewood 135.158 Ocean County
6. Edison 107,588 Middlesex County
7. Woodbridge 103.639 Middlesex County
8. Toms River 95.438 Ocean County
9. Hamilton 92.297 Mercer County
10. Clifton 90.296 Passaic County

Climate

New Jersey mainly has a humid subtropical climate. This means that New Jersey has mild winters with warm summers. There is also precipitation throughout the year. However, the northernmost tip of the state has a humid continental climate with warm summers and cold winters. Here too there is precipitation throughout. Because New Jersey has to deal with winds from the Appalachians, snow can fall in the winter despite the subtropical climate. New Jersey may experience so-called snow storms (nor’easters). Many of these blizzards only bring a lot of rain instead of snow. The northeast often has to do with snowfall. In addition, New Jersey often has to deal with thunderstorms, which occur almost monthly. Tornadoes are virtually non-existent and when they do occur they cause little damage. However, the state may experience tropical storms and hurricanes.

Population

A map of New Jersey

General

New Jersey has approximately 9.2 million residents. New Jersey’s population continues to rise and is one of the fastest growing states. The reason is that New Jersey is close to New York City and Philadelphia, making New Jersey part of the metropolitan area of ​​both cities. New Jersey residents often call themselves New Jerseyans, but some Americans say New Jerseyites. New Jersey has a multicultural population. 51% of Americans are White, 17% Latino, 13% African American, and 8% Asian American. New Jersey residents come from all walks of life. For example, the state has a large group of Jewish, Peruvian, Cuban, Italian and Chinese Americans. New Jersey also has a large number of inhabitants from South Asia, including India.

Taal

Under the Constitution, New Jersey has no official language. Still, you can see English as the official language of the state. This language is used in education, law and politics. English is also the language in which the laws are drafted. Most residents also use English in daily life and can only speak English. 71% of residents speak English at home. New Jersey’s second largest language is Spanish. Spanish is spoken by 14% of the population. Other major languages ​​are Chinese, Korean, Tagalog and Portuguese. All of these languages ​​end up in New Jersey through immigration. New Jersey is therefore one of the areas in the United States where the most immigrant languages ​​are spoken.

Religion

69% of New Jersey residents adhere to Christianity. Of these, 34% are Roman Catholic and 31% Protestant. The largest Protestant movement is Methodism. Other Christian denominations include the Mormon Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church. 18% of the inhabitants have no religion or believe in nothing. Smaller religions are Judaism (6%), Islam (3%) and Hinduism (3%). New Jersey has the second largest Muslim population in the United States after Michigan. Also, New Jersey has one of the highest adherents of Hinduism. The largest Hindu temple in the world is also located in New Jersey. This is the Swaminarayan Akshardham.

Politics

State politics

The New Jersey State House

The day-to-day administration of New Jersey is done by a governor. Compared to other states, the governor of New Jersey is more powerful than other states. In recent years, this power has become more limited. In the past, the governor was also chairman of the Senate, but today this is no longer the case. The current governor of New Jersey is Phil Murphy of the Democratic Party. Since 2010 there is also a lieutenant governor. This is the governor’s deputy and assists the governor in his/her duties. The Legislature of the State of New Jersey is called the New Jersey Legislature. It consists of two rooms:

  • The General Assembly, consisting of 80 members, is elected every two years.
  • The Senate, consisting of 40 members. Some of the members serve two years, while another portion serve four years.

Democrats have a majority in both chambers. The remainder is filled by the Republican Party. Unlike other states, New Jersey’s elections do not coincide with federal elections. State elections always take place in odd years while federal elections take place in even years.

Administrative division

How many counties in New Jersey? New Jersey is divided into 21 counties. These are:

  • Atlantic County
  • Bergen County
  • Burlington County
  • Camden County
  • Cape May County
  • Cumberland County
  • Essex County
  • Gloucester County
  • Hudson County
  • Hunterdon County
  • Mercer County
  • Middlesex County
  • Monmouth County
  • Morris County
  • Ocean County
  • Passaic County
  • Salem County
  • Somerset County
  • Sussex County
  • Union County
  • Warren County

National politics

New Jersey was originally a very Republican state, but today the state mostly votes for Democratic Party candidates. Especially during elections for the US Congress and the presidency, New Jersey votes for the Democrats with a large majority. New Jersey is therefore a safe “blue state”. The last time the state voted for a Republican was in 1988 (George HW Bush). At this time, New Jersey was a swing state, but today this is no longer the case. The state is represented in the United States Congress by two senators and 12 representatives. The two Senators (Cory Booker and Bob Menendez) are both Democrats. Of the twelve delegates, 10 are Democratic and 2 Republican.

Economy

Atlantic City

Originally, New Jersey’s economy was very dependent on industry. Although there is less industry in the state today than before, the industry remains important. New Jersey is an important state in particular in the fields of biotechnology, medicine, information, telecommunications, chemicals and food processing. In the field of agriculture, dairy products, fish, fruit and nuts are also important. Especially lettuce, spinach, blueberries and peppers are widely grown in the state. Science, in particular, plays an important role in the state. New Jersey, for example, was where Thomas Edison developed the first electric light bulb in 1879. New Jersey is at the forefront of green energy and nuclear power. Tourists mainly come to New Jersey to enjoy the seaside resorts such as Atlantic City. New Jersey was the first state where gambling became legal (before that it was legal in Las Vegas). This caused many casinos to open in the state. Many tourists still come to the state to gamble, even though gambling is legal throughout the United States today.

Linden (New Jersey)

Linden

Linden is a city in New Jersey, a state in the United States and is part of the Union County Area. In 2006 the city had almost 40,000 inhabitants and an area of ​​29.1 km². The current mayor is Derek Armstead

Transport

Weigh

In 2010, 176.6 km from Linden was gone. US Route 1/9 goes through Linden and Route 27, Linden is the end of Interstate 278, which passes through New York. Interstate 95 continues east of Linden, if you take exit 13 you continue to Interstate 278.

Airport

Linden also has another airport, Linden Airport. Linden Airport is located in the east of the city and is located along US Route 9 and near Interstate 95. Linden Airport was built in 1942 for the US Navy, after World War II it was taken over by Linden. Linden Airport has only 1 take-off/runway. Newark Liberty International Airport is also close to Linden Airport, only a 20-minute drive away.

Sights

Some sights:

  • Goethals Park
  • Wheeler Park
  • Crane Phillips Living Museum
  • Clifford Lawson Memorial Park
  • Roselle Park Museum
  • Thomas A. Edison Memorial Tower & Museum

New Jersey - The Garden State

New Jersey – The Garden State
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